For those of you who live an active lifestyle, your daily routines must resolve around busy activities. It's just that you need to remember, as we need more energy to complete all the work properly, the need for adequate fluid intake for the body still needs to be monitored.
In fact, there are still many people who underestimate the importance of drinking enough water, which can lead to dehydration. In fact, the effects of dehydration can interfere with daily activities, especially if the dehydration is severe enough.
Dehydration occurs more quickly when we are active in environments with high temperatures or doing activities that will make our body sweat more. In addition, dehydration can easily occur when we are under certain conditions, such as diarrhea, exposure to excessive heat, pregnancy in women, consumption of certain drugs, stress, consuming alcohol, diet, or old age. Have you ever felt very thirsty, your mouth feels dry or sticky, and the urine you produce is less than usual? Such things are a sign of mild dehydration. Therefore, it is highly recommended to drink the right portion of water every day.
If it is still in a mild stage, dehydration can be treated by drinking enough water as needed. But if you are in a severe stage, there are several effects of dehydration that can be fatal to the body. Therefore, to increase your knowledge about dehydration, this article will explain the 4 (four) effects of dehydration that may be experienced. Consider the following list[4, 6]:
About 60% of the human body is water. Thus, almost all of our important organs depend on the fulfillment of our water intake needs. Likewise, muscles need fluid and balanced electrolytes. When this is not fulfilled, muscle contraction is very likely to occur as part of the effects of dehydration which then makes you experience convulsions and even loss of consciousness.
2. Kidney Disorders
One of the main functions of water is to help the kidneys process and remove metabolic waste or toxins from the body through urines. So when dehydration occurs, kidney function is not optimal so that in the long term it can cause dangerous diseases such as kidney stones, urinary tract infections, and kidney failure.
3. Muscle Cramp 
Dehydration can cause reduced blood circulation, which can lead to muscle stiffness and the potential for muscle cramps. Muscle cramps can cause pain and make the muscles feel harder when touched. Changes in sodium and potassium in the muscles result in sweating which also contributes to muscle cramps.
Hypovolemia is a condition in which the heart is unable to supply enough blood throughout the body due to insufficient blood volume. The effects of dehydration is generally characterized by a pale face, weakness, chest pain, low body temperature, palpitations, and reduced urine output. If not treated promptly, Hypovolemia can be fatal. 
Those are the 4 (four) effects of dehydration that can affect your body. Let's avoid it by drinking enough water, drink more if you are very busy or about to sweat.
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- EFSA 2010
- Santoso B., Hardinsyah, Siregar P, Pardede S. 2017
- https://hellosehat.com/hidup-sehat/tips-sehat/10-kondisi-penyebab dehidrasi/
- https://www.alodokter.com/dehydration-heavy-do-not-underestimate understand-the-symptoms-and-risks
- William Blahd. WebMD 2017.